Protein molecules essential to life, they speed up chemical reactions within biological cells. Used in skin care formulations to speed up the breakdown and removal of damaged/dead skin cells, where it is claimed they can cure acne, remove hyperpigmentation, freckles, or wrinkles, and help restore skin’s youthfulness. A group of enzymes known as oxidoreductases are said to have anti-oxidant properties. Enzymes are commonly identified through the ‘ase’ suffix, eg papaya: proteinase papain. See bromelain, papaya.

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